-en

Ⅰ.
-en [1] SUFFIX forming verbs from adjectives or nouns denoting the development or intensification of a state or quality: widen.
ORIGIN Old English.
Ⅱ.
-en [2] SUFFIX (also -n) forming adjectives from nouns: 1) made or consisting of: earthen. 2) resembling: golden.
ORIGIN Old English.
Ⅲ.
-en [3] (also -n) SUFFIX forming past participles of strong verbs: 1) as a regular inflection: spoken. 2) as an adjective: mistaken.
ORIGIN Old English.

English terms dictionary. 2015.

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